Wild oats spread treating Canadian crops

Wild oats spread treating Canadian crops

There are a number of things from the 1970s few people wish to see return and wild oats it’s one of them.

Sixty-nine per cent of wild oats across the Canadian Prairies show herbicide resistance, said University of Saskatchewan plant scientist Eric Johnson.

With 27 per cent resistant to both Groups 1 and 2 herbicides — the products most commonly used to control them.

“From the ’70s up until the mid-’90s, the industry introduced a number of very effective wild oat herbicides,” said Johnson, speaking at the Lethbridge, Alberta-based Farming Smarter conference in December.

Why it matters: Once the oats developed resistance to Groups 1 and 2 herbicides, you are mostly limited to granular, soil-applied, pre-emergent herbicides.

And resistance to those have already been found in all three Prairie provinces.

“The thought was there would be a never-ending pipeline of new herbicides available to growers to control wild oats.

That did nott materialize and we haven’t seen any new modes of action since the mid-’90s or early 2000s.”

Once wild oats develop resistance to Groups 1 and 2 herbicides, growers are mostly limited to granular, soil-applied, pre-emergent herbicides such as Avadex or Fortress (both of which contain the Group 8 active ingredient triallate).

Group 3 herbicides such as Edge are also recommended for suppression of wild oats when applied in fall.

However, resistance in oats is an ever-moving target. Resistance to triallate, for example, has been found in all three Prairie provinces, said Johnson.

In a nod to an earlier era, the Wild Oat Action Committee of the ’70s and ’80s has been rebranded as the Resistant Wild Oat Action Committee (RWOAC).

In partnership with the Canadian Weed Science Society (CWSS.

Its goal is to educate and engage farmers to develop and adopt diverse approaches to managing wild oats.

Source: GrainNews

Canada pursue free trade agreement with ASEAN

Canada pursue free trade agreement with ASEAN

Canada continues to pursue a multilateral free trade agreement with Southeast Asian nations, and those involved with negotiations say bilateral deals in the region could lead to larger pacts.

The pursuit of a free trade deal with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), began three years ago but has so far harvested no results.

Since, Canada has explored the possibility of entering into bilateral pacts with some of the ASEAN member states – including the launch of consultations for a deal with Indonesia.

Kendal Hembroff, director general of trade policy and negotiations for Foreign Affairs, said a broad agreement is better than a narrower one.

But it “sometimes makes sense to do what you’re able to do at a given point in time.”

Those comments came during a March meeting of the International Trade committee.

In 2017, exploratory talks for a possible Canada-ASEAN trade deal started.

Face-to-face meetings between Canada and ASEAN members continued over the next few years and in 2018, Ottawa did a public consultation on a potential pact.

Twenty of the 49 submissions in that consultation were from agricultural stakeholders.

According to the government, stakeholders overall expressed support for a free trade deal and highlighted:

 “existing barriers for Canadian firms, including high tariffs, sanitary and phytosanitary issues and non-tariff barriers” could be addressed.

Hembroff told committee members Canada continues to pursue a Canada-ASEAN free trade agreement.

“The pandemic has certainly reinforced the importance of an agreement with all of ASEAN, especially as an opportunity to be able to tap into regional supply chains.

That does not preclude us from pursuing the possibility of bilateral agreements with ASEAN member states.

And Canada recently conducted public consultations to seek the views of Canadians on a possible trade agreement with Indonesia,” she said.

Source: Grain News and Glacier Farm Media.

Railways exceed grain revenue limits for 2019-20

Railways exceed grain revenue limits for 2019-20

Canada’s big two railways have about two more weeks to hand over about $5.6 million in Prairie grain revenue overages and related penalties for the 2019-20 crop year.

The Canadian Transportation Agency (CTA) on Dec. 22 ruled Canadian National Railway (CN) and Canadian Pacific Railway (CP) each overshot their maximum revenue entitlements (MREs) for the year, by $3,170,615 and $2,170,010 respectively.

The overages, plus respective five percent penalties of $158,531 and $108,501, are payable to the Western Grains Research Foundation (WGRF), the agreed-upon beneficiary, within 30 days of the ruling date, the agency said.

The railways’ allowable MREs for the crop year were $930,331,426 and $997,060,798 respectively.

CN’s qualifying Prairie grain movements in 2019-20 totaled 23,525,161 tons, while CP’s reached 24,498,737. Their average lengths of haul came in at 1,013 and 918 miles respectively, the CTA said.

Combined, their grain handle was up 4.3 percent on the year, while their combined average length of haul, at 965 miles, was down 1.4 percent, the agency said.

About the railways?

The two railways’ annual MREs, commonly described as their revenue caps, are calculated using a formula factoring in their grain handles and the average length of haul along with the volume-related composite price index (VRCPI), an inflation index reflecting the railways’ costs for labor, fuel, materials and capital purchases.

The CTA in May 2019 set the 2019-20 VRCPIs at 1.4371 for CN and 1.5148 for CP, both up from 2018-19. Both railways later sought and got adjustments from the agency, which raised CN’s 2019-20 index to 1.4498 and CP’s to 1.5311.

The 2019-20 crop year marked the second in which CN and CP have separate VRCPIs, following amendments to the Canada Transportation Act in 2018.

The CTA in May 2019 said the increased VRCPIs for 2019-20 were based mainly on “modest increases in the fuel and material components” of the index, and from the “recognition of costs for the acquisition of hopper cars.”

CN and CP in 2018-19 both came in below their MREs, after both booking overages of seven figures above their MREs during each of the previous four crop years.

Source:  Gainews.

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