Exportation what is it, types and importance

Exportation: what is it, types and importance

Exportation is the action of sending or selling goods and services from one country to another. In other words, it is an operation, whether commercial or not, where a product or merchandise is sent outside of a country.

It is about any service or product that a country or territory sends or dispatches to a third party for its use or purchase.

Exportation types

Depending on the time and shipment, the export can be temporary, definitive, direct, indirect or concentrated.


This type of exportation occurs when a product or merchandise is sent to an international market through customs agreements, in which it will remain for a stipulated time.

After the agreed time has elapsed, this product will return to the market where it has been nationalized.


This type of exportation occurs when the product is sent to an international market with the intention of being consumed or used abroad.

Thus, the departure from the country of origin will be final, with the exception that the exporter does not comply with the contract agreements and the product or merchandise is returned by the recipient.


Concentrated exportation occurs when several companies reach an agreement and collaborate with each other to send goods to a common destination.

Direct exportation

Direct exportation is the most used by companies with experience and human resources, since here it is the same company that is in charge of doing the export, thus eliminating any intermediary and assuming all the responsibilities of the process.


This type of exportation is recommended to beginner companies in their sector, who want to reduce risks during export.

Here, the production company hires a person specialized in international trade, who is in charge of both training clients and the entire process involved in exporting.

Importance of exportation

Exports are important as they help to form a source of income that encourages the growth of the country’s economy.

In turn, they allow to be a source of employment and help many people to have a better quality of life.

In addition, exporting avoids the risks of unstable internal markets and, in turn, reduces the effects of macroeconomic problems.

Malaysian commodity sector help grew GDP

Malaysian commodity sector help grew GDP

The commodity sector contributed RM85.1 billion to the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) last year, Plantation Industries and Commodities Minister Datuk Mohd Khairuddin Aman Razali said.

He said of the amount, RM48.3 billion was contributed by the palm oil sector.

“Knowledgeable and skilled human capital is needed to ensure that the country’s commodity sector performance remains sustainable.

“This factor is important so that the productivity of the commodity sector can be further enhanced to generate revenue for the country,” he said at the launch of the virtual Agricommodity Career Carnival 2021 today.

The carnival, which is jointly organized by the ministry and the Social Security Organisation (Socso) under the Ministry of Human Resources, focuses on several commodity sectors such as palm oil, rubber, timber, kenaf, cocoa, and pepper, offering more than 60,000 job vacancies.

Mohd Khairuddin called on locals, especially job seekers, to seize the opportunity to get suitable jobs through the carnival.

“The ministry will continue to work with Socso to help the agro commodity industry get the manpower it needs by giving priority to locals, including Orang Asli,” he said.

The carnival is also in line with the Perikatan Nasional government’s policy to regain control of the manpower in the agro commodity industry, which is dominated by foreigners who accounted for 75 percent of the workers, by replacing them with locals.

There were more than 8,600 job vacancies offered by 26 employers in the plantation and commodity sector at the carnival and about 3,000 locals, including graduates and Orang Asli, will take part in the two-day carnival.

People can register participation at the Website

Besides the virtual interview session today, a briefing on the PenjanaKerjaya 2.0 and MYFutureJobs Portal, as well as a webinar session on Career Opportunities in the Agriculture Sector, will also be held

Source: MalayMail

Personalized wine tastings during the quarantine

Personalized wine tastings during the quarantine

The world of wine has adapted to the pandemic and offers new services that are increasingly personalized to each need, combining the use of technology to share new experiences in the world of wine. One of the proposals that are here to stay is that of personalized tastings.

The proposal that is already used in countries in Europe, Asia, or North America, arises in 2020 as a new form of interaction in the midst of the pandemic, the renewed offer of services for wine lovers adapts to the current context.

In its recent launch, Vinoavos.com.ar, a site that seeks to lead the online sale of Argentine wines, has come out “into the world” with one of the most complete winery catalogs in the country. In addition, it offers the option of contracting the personalized and online tasting service.

Some of the services that are most popular around the world are:

Online tastings

Online tastings are a trend that is already in use in the world and that is a new trend ready to stay. It encourages sharing the culture of wine through digital interactions.

Selected and award-winning wines arrive at your door in a beautiful box accompanied by a delicatessen. On a specific day and time, the prepared sommelier will guide your experience to share the enjoyment of them. An experience that takes place with a small group of connected users and with the same shared passion.

Private Tasting

Private tastings are an option that gives a beautiful experience to small group events that have adequate space and whose group shares the same passion for wine. In this way, the catering service and sommelier prepare to receive the guests and allow them to enjoy a wonderful experience tasting the most awarded wines.

Personalized Tasting

Many times necessity and ingenuity propose new challenges for those wine entrepreneurs. Therefore, for those who want personalized service, there is a contact form and a WhatsApp chat service to respond to the specific demand.

Wine tasting for small groups

The last and most classic option that wine consumers have is to book an appointment and tasting at the winery, with the most renowned chefs, winemakers, and sommeliers available. For this, many specialized pages that work with the wineries of each country, offer the best options according to the budget of each person or group.

All experiences are designed for wine lovers, have you tried any?

Source: Vinetur

China’s biggest nickel ore supplier is Indonesia

China’s biggest nickel ore supplier is Indonesia

Indonesia remained China’s second-biggest nickel ore supplier in 2020, Chinese customs data showed on Wednesday, despite the Southeast Asian country’s ban on exports of the material.

Arrivals from Indonesia into China totaled 3.4 million tons last year, the General Administration of Customs reported. That was down 85.8 percent from 2019 but still second only to the Philippines at 31.98 million tons, and ahead of New Caledonia in third.

Indonesian shipments were 1.98 million tons in January and February combined, likely the last cargoes to depart Indonesia before the ban came into force on Jan. 1, 2020, although some may have been delayed by coronavirus curbs.

The data then shows a trickle of Indonesian imports in every subsequent month of last year, including 78,245 tons for December.

Data from Indonesia, which enacted the ban to force more domestic ore processing, shows zero nickel ore exports to China from January to November.

Explanations about the nickel ore data

China’s customs administration and an Indonesian mining ministry official did not provide an explanation but some analysts believe the answer may lie in the material being exported as iron ore but imported into China as nickel ore.

These shipments typically consist of ore that has around 1 percent nickel content and over 50 percent iron, so are iron ore as far as the Indonesian government is concerned, CRU analyst Ellie Wang said.

Some stainless steel firms in China then declare it as nickel ore at customs, she adds. “They can mix the ore with some other grade, then produce low-grade nickel pig iron,” which is used to make stainless steel, Wang said.

BMO analyst Colin Hamilton concurred such an arrangement is “certainly a potential workaround” given high iron ore prices.

“We always used to add some reported nickel ore to full-year iron ore import numbers – particularly from the Philippines but it’s entirely possible from Indonesia as well,” he added.

In 2020, China’s imports of nickel pig iron from Indonesia, which can still be exported, rose 100.9 percent year-on-year to 2.73 million tons.

Source: The Jakarta Post

Ice wine origin, varieties, and production areas

Ice wine: origin, varieties, and production areas

With the arrival of winter, snow, and cold, it is time for the cold to do its work in the vineyard. Time for winegrowers and winemakers to make the increasingly appreciated ice wines. It is a complicated and somewhat scarce elaboration. And as is often the case, scarcity is synonymous with increased interest. The human being tends towards the unattainable. And ice wine is a wintry object of desire.

The fermentation of these frozen grapes makes the process slow and expensive, hence fermentation does not usually finish and there is sugar left to consume by the yeasts. The grapes to produce these wines are harvested in a frozen state, which generates a high concentration of sugar.

They are wines with a high price in the market. And they are expensive for two reasons: their difficulty and scarcity. Not all producers are willing to make this type of wine and there must be very specific climatic conditions. In fact, it is not possible to make these wines every year. All this causes its price to rise.

The origin of ice wine

It was the year 1794 when by chance some winegrowers from the northern region of Bavaria (in Franconia) produced the first eiswein (ice wine in German). Due to its limited production and the suitable weather conditions, eiswein became a luxury wine for special occasions. France apparently caught the habit and enjoyed excellent harvests in 1846 and 1880 for the production of Vin de Glacier. But it will not be until the 80s when both Germany and Canada will see the category “Eiswein” and “Icewine” respectively that we know today.

In Canada, in particular, the Vidal and Riesling varieties are used, although more and more snow wine has been made with Gewurztraminer or cabernet franc. The Inniskillin Winery, located in Ontario, produced its first ice wine in 1984. He did so under the direction of the Austrian-born co-owner of the winery Karl Kaiser. It is often considered the first Canadian Ice Wine and was certainly the first to be produced on a larger scale to great critical acclaim.

However, it seems that there is already a precedent for Ice Wine in British Columbia, also in Canada. The German immigrant Walter Hainle in 1972 produced ice wine as a result of an early and unexpected frost, as a result of which 40 liters of wine that he would later sell.

The result is sweet wines among which the famous and award-winning Inniskillin prevails. They gave rise The experts highlight notes of peach, honey, cloves, and vanilla in the nose and deployment in the mouth of intense flavors of orange, lime, and lemon.

Production areas and varieties of ice wine

The best-known production area beyond Canada is Germany, and, to a lesser degree, Austria, the Czech Republic, the northern US, and France.

The grape varieties used are usually Gewürztraminer and Riesling, but Chardonnay, Cabernet Franc, Seyval Blanc, Chenin Blanc, Grüner Veltliner, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Sémillon, and Vidal are also used. Although less common, red grapes such as Gamay, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, and Merlot can also be used.

Characteristics of ice wines

To speak of ice wines themselves, at the time of pressing the grapes used must be frozen or on the vine. Likewise, the grapes used for the same wine must come from the same region.

The grapes will never be frozen by artificial methods, so the wines in which the grapes are frozen after harvesting are not iced wines. Regarding temperatures, the harvest and pressing will be carried out at temperatures below -8º C. It is not allowed to add additives to the wine, neither before nor after pressing the grapes.

The minimum natural sugar content will be 15% (110 degrees Oechsle or 25.88 Brix), but without a fixed maximum degree. In addition, the finished wine will reach a minimum alcohol level of 5%.

Ice wines in Spain

There are several wineries that make it in Spain, being the pioneer, in 2007, one under D.O. Rueda, the family winery Viña Claridor. Located in La Seca (Valladolid), it began its sale in January 2008.

Another ice wine is Amantia, made in Torquemada (Palencia) by B. Ladrero-Señorío de Valdesneros. It is tempranillo that is harvested in December and that remains four months in oak barrels. There are wines like those of Gramona that are of the type of frozen grapes. They are called “gel vi”.

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New pulse crop proposals in 2021

New pulse crop proposals in 2021

Prairie producers looking to plant pulses in 2021 have a few new and notable options. SeedNet, SeCan, FP Genetics, Prairie Fava, Riddell Seed Company and Saskatchewan seed growers are bringing a combined total of 13 new pulse proposals to the market in 2021. The coming year’s options include strong yielders and improved disease resistance.

And one of the major priorities in pulse breeding and production today is protein content. “With all of the pulse processing plants going up, the big word is protein,” says Derek Mohr, pulse business manager at DL Seeds.

“The end users don’t just want peas; they want high-quality peas. The varieties we have on the market are okay to good for protein but as an industry, we’re aiming to raise that bar. We need to be breeding not just for yield but for quality and agronomics too.”

While some of the varieties scheduled for release in 2021 offer improved protein, really significant gains are still likely a handful of years away.

“In a good-case scenario, it takes about eight to 10 years to develop a new pea or fava bean variety,” says Mohr. “(Breeders) have been working on increasing protein levels for some time now, so I’m hopeful in the next few years’ farmers will start to see some new, higher protein varieties available to them.”

Already, many of the new options are a solid step up in protein levels compared to varieties from past years. Please note, the following list includes only brand new variety releases for 2021.

3 of the new pulse proposals growers

CDC Lima is a large green lentil developed by the Crop Development Centre at the University of Saskatchewan. It is the highest-yielding, large green Clearfield lentil variety. In six years of testing in the Co-op and Regional Trials, it yielded 113 per cent of the Clearfield large green lentil variety CDC Impower in the brown and dark-brown soil zones and 137 per cent in the black and dark-grey zones. It has a larger, thicker seed compared to CDC Impower, making CDC Lima more suitable for lentil dehulling. It is slightly shorter than its predecessors CDC Impower and CDC Improve.

CDC Canary is an early maturing yellow, semi-leafless field pea variety developed at the Crop Development Centre. In seven years of testing, it yielded 98 per cent of the check variety CDC Amarillo in both the north and south geographies. It has very good standability. It has a round seed shape and good resistance to seed coat breakage. It is a good choice in northern areas or anywhere that early maturity is important.

CDC Lewochko is a high-yielding, mid-maturing, yellow cotyledon, semi-leafless field pea variety developed by the Crop Development Centre. In five years of testing in the Co-op and Regional Trials in Saskatchewan, CDC Lewochko yielded 104 per cent of the check variety CDC Amarillo in the south and 103 per cent in the north. It has very good seed characteristics. It rated good for resistance to seed coat breakage, has resistance to dimpling, low-green colouration and a round shape. It has good lodging resistance and very good protein. There will be a lot of seed of this variety in 2022; however, there may be limited seed starting in 2021.

Source: Grainews.

Maceration time-saving tool developed in Zaragoza

Maceration time-saving tool developed in Zaragoza

A tool designed at the University of Zaragoza will translate into energy and maceration time savings and an increase in its production capacity without the need to invest in the acquisition of new tanks.

Researchers Javier Raso and Ignacio Álvarez have developed the process of applying high voltage electric pulse technology (PEF) to reduce maceration time in winemaking and the 18th General Assembly of the International Organization of Vine and Wine (OIV) has approved its use.

Raso and Álvarez belong to the Research Group New Technologies for Food Processing of the Agrifood Institute of Aragon IA2 of the University of Zaragoza.

The maceration treatment using PEF technology causes the formation of pores in the skin cells of the grape, facilitating the extraction of phenolic compounds and aromatic precursors located inside, which play a decisive role in the final quality of the wine.

Thanks to the approval of the OIV, the wineries will now have a tool that will allow them to reduce the maceration time in the winemaking process, which will translate into energy savings and an increase in their capacity for production without the need to invest in the acquisition of new fermentation-maceration tanks. All of this translates into an improvement in the competitiveness and sustainability of the wineries.

About maceration technology

The technology approval process began in 2018 at the request of the Spanish delegation to the OIV coordinated by the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food.

The results obtained by the researchers from the University of Zaragoza, the result of their studies presented for three years to the OIV group of experts, were decisive in overcoming the eight stages required for the approval of a Resolution by this body.

The OIV is an intergovernmental scientific-technical body made up of 47 member states from the five continents, representing 85% of world production.

The main function of the OIV is to draw up harmonized and internationally recognized standards for the production of wine products.

To achieve its objectives, the OIV works with a network of over a thousand experts from around the world and final decisions are made by consensus of the Member States.

The acceptance of the PEF technology by the OIV and the fact that commercial equipment capable of applying these treatments is already available in a winery guarantee that very soon it will be possible to offer wine obtained from grapes treated by PEF.

Source: Vinetur magazine.

IGC forecasts for grain production in 2020-21

IGC forecasts for grain production in 2020-21

World total grains (wheat and coarse grains) production is forecast to rise to a record of 2.2 billion tons in the 2020-21 marketing year, according to the latest International Grains Council (IGC) grain market report released on Jan. 14.

The projection includes record harvest totals for wheat (768 million tons) and barley (158 million tons).

However, on a month-on-month basis, the IGC’s most recent projection for 2020-21 is slightly lower than the previous month’s outlook as a large reduction for corn (mainly in the United States, Argentina, and Brazil) is only partially offset by increases for wheat and barley.

Mostly reflecting downgraded expectations for South American crops, the Council’s outlook for global soybean production is cut by 6 million tons, to 359 million tons, still up by 6% year-on-year.

“Although the reduction is partially offset by a higher figure for opening stocks — linked to reluctant sales by Argentine growers — consumption is still trimmed by 4 million tons to 365 million, a 4% year-on-year gain.

IGC forecast for 2020-21

Global rice production in 2020-21 is forecast broadly unchanged from before, at 503 million tons but, due to a lower figure for opening stocks, total supplies are trimmed by 2 million tons’ month-on-month, the IGC said.

It noted that as rice consumption is lifted to a new high, world carryovers are lowered to 175 million tons (up 1 million tons year-on-year), with much of the downward adjustment due to the major exporters, notably India.

The IGC’s outlook for total grains consumption is lowered by 5 million tons, to 2.216 billion tons, with downgrades for feed and industrial uses of corn outweighing small increases for other coarse grains and wheat. Mainly linked to a downward adjustment for corn, the forecast for all-grain stocks at the end of 2020-21 is down by 5 million tons, to 611 million, representing a 6-million-tonne year-on-year contraction.

“Although the COVID pandemic continues to dampen demand in some sectors, particularly for fuel ethanol and brewing, overall consumption is predicted to grow for a fifth successive year,” the IGC said. “This includes gains of 8 million tons for both corn and wheat, and increases of 2 million each for barley, sorghum, and oats.”

With all the components higher, but with the strongest gains for corn and soybeans, the IGC Grains and Oilseeds Index (GOI) rallied by 10% since the November grain market report.

Source: World of Grain.

Railways exceed grain revenue limits for 2019-20

Railways exceed grain revenue limits for 2019-20

Canada’s big two railways have about two more weeks to hand over about $5.6 million in Prairie grain revenue overages and related penalties for the 2019-20 crop year.

The Canadian Transportation Agency (CTA) on Dec. 22 ruled Canadian National Railway (CN) and Canadian Pacific Railway (CP) each overshot their maximum revenue entitlements (MREs) for the year, by $3,170,615 and $2,170,010 respectively.

The overages, plus respective five percent penalties of $158,531 and $108,501, are payable to the Western Grains Research Foundation (WGRF), the agreed-upon beneficiary, within 30 days of the ruling date, the agency said.

The railways’ allowable MREs for the crop year were $930,331,426 and $997,060,798 respectively.

CN’s qualifying Prairie grain movements in 2019-20 totaled 23,525,161 tons, while CP’s reached 24,498,737. Their average lengths of haul came in at 1,013 and 918 miles respectively, the CTA said.

Combined, their grain handle was up 4.3 percent on the year, while their combined average length of haul, at 965 miles, was down 1.4 percent, the agency said.

About the railways?

The two railways’ annual MREs, commonly described as their revenue caps, are calculated using a formula factoring in their grain handles and the average length of haul along with the volume-related composite price index (VRCPI), an inflation index reflecting the railways’ costs for labor, fuel, materials and capital purchases.

The CTA in May 2019 set the 2019-20 VRCPIs at 1.4371 for CN and 1.5148 for CP, both up from 2018-19. Both railways later sought and got adjustments from the agency, which raised CN’s 2019-20 index to 1.4498 and CP’s to 1.5311.

The 2019-20 crop year marked the second in which CN and CP have separate VRCPIs, following amendments to the Canada Transportation Act in 2018.

The CTA in May 2019 said the increased VRCPIs for 2019-20 were based mainly on “modest increases in the fuel and material components” of the index, and from the “recognition of costs for the acquisition of hopper cars.”

CN and CP in 2018-19 both came in below their MREs, after both booking overages of seven figures above their MREs during each of the previous four crop years.

Source:  Gainews.

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Back labels delivered in Ribera del Duero decrease

Back labels delivered in Ribera del Duero decrease

The Regulatory Council of the Ribera del Duero Denomination of Origin has already released the number of back labels that it has delivered during 2020 to the wineries assigned to this geographical indication. In total, there are 78,396,944 back labels delivered, a reduction of 11.9% compared to 2019 where 89 million were reached.

This drop in the back label is a consequence, without a doubt, of the health crisis; for a DO where most of its wineries are small and are focused on producing differentiated high-quality wines, but, on the other hand, they hardly have a commercial structure and have no presence in the food channel, depending mainly on the channel HORECA.

The hospitality industry is one of the sectors that has suffered the most from the confinement and the different restrictions imposed during the year. The proportion of back labels was strongly reduced during the first months of confinement, especially in April and May, when the Covid-19 had the most impact. However, it was from July that month-to-month delivery began to improve considerably, especially in July with a positive recovery of 15.8%. This good evolution meant that in the second semester the delivery of back labels experienced an average increase of 0.6%.

The Reserva and Gran Reserva wines grow their sales according to the delivery of back labels

By types of wine, the categories that performed the best in 2020 were those with the highest added value: Crianza, Reserva, and Gran Reserva represented 30% of the total of labels provided in 2020, 2% more than in 2019.

In this sense, the delivery of Gran Reserva and Reserva back labels, wines characterized by their quality and longevity, have increased by 11.3% and 4.2% respectively.

Source: Vinetur Wine Magazine

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