Maritime containers how many types exist

Maritime containers: how many types exist

Freight traffic has evolved a lot since its inception. In the middle of the 20th century, a new standard began to be used, maritime containers.

Thanks to these standard containers, the loading, and unloading of ships in ports were simplified. Ships, cranes, trains, and trucks were standardized. In this way, Intermodal transport was created, which is the articulation between different modes of transport using a single measure of cargo, containers, which simplifies loading, unloading, and transshipment.

There are different types of shipping containers, all with standard dimensions and each designed to suit a specific need.

Types of maritime containers

Dry van containers

The Dry Van maritime containers are the most used containers; they are hermetic containers without ventilation. They are stackable up to 8 levels and are made of corten steel, which makes them very robust.

These containers have doors only on one side and standard dimensions with a width of 2.40m and a height of 2.60m. There are two typical models depending on the length, 20 feet and 40 feet which are equivalent to 6 and 12 meters respectively. There are also other less used models such as 30 feet or 10 feet.

High cube container

The High Cube maritime containers are very similar to the Dry Van except for their height since the High cube containers are 9’6 ” (2,896 meters) high and the 40 ‘Dry Van containers are 8’6’ ‘( 2,591 meters). This extra height is ideal for bulky and oversized loads.

Open top maritime containers

The Open Top containers are also very similar to the Dry Van, with averages of 20 and 40 feet, with the difference that the Open Top has no roof. As they do not have a roof, they can be loaded above, making it easier to load heavy or bulky goods that can be difficult to get through the door. To cover the merchandise, a canvas awning is usually put on them.

Open side container

The Open Side maritime containers are another type of container very similar to the Dry Van, although the latter has large 4-leaf doors that allow easy access to the goods for loading and unloading. There are 20 and 40 feet.

They are very useful for loading long goods that cannot be loaded through normal doors or to be able to reach the goods at the back without having to remove all those in front.

Flat rack container

The Flat Rack container is a container without a roof and without sidewalls. It is used to transport heavy or oversized goods. The merchandise is lashed by chains or tapes to the flat rack.

Tank maritime containers

Tank containers are for transporting liquids in bulk. It is a tank contained within a structure of steel beams that make it the same dimensions as a standard container. In this way, the tank can be manipulated and loaded in transports as one more container.

Refrigerated / reefer container

The refrigerated container is a type of container intended for the transport of goods with temperature control, either cold or hot. They can maintain the temperature of the merchandise from -30ºC to + 40ºC, there are even some special models that can reach -60ºC.

We can find refrigerated containers of 20 and 40 feet, even some of 10 feet, although the latter are not usually used for freight traffic. Like the other containers, they can have the normal height or be a high cube.

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Supply chains and the adoption of Blockchain technology

With all the changes generated in global trade as a consequence of Covid-19, the adoption of Blockchain technology to improve supply chains is imminent.

The Covid-19 pandemic continues to threaten public health, as the world’s economies experience major changes in consumer behavior, patterns, and trade flows.

Faced with this uncertain panorama, importers and exporters are struggling to rethink global trade processes, as well as supply chains.

A situation that contrasts the increase in consumer expenses on certain goods, demand for food, medicines, chemicals and cleaning products.

Due to the uncertainty surrounding COVID-19, supply chain leaders must mitigate disruptions and risks to position their organizations for success through flexibility, creativity, and automation.

That is why in today’s environment, technology plays a fundamental role in managing the entire value chain, anticipating risks and challenges.

Blockchain technology adoption

Companies can leverage data from supply chains to detect inefficiencies, automate decision-making processes, and improve the customer experience.

In this context, the adoption of Blockchain technology continues to increase, with the purpose of empowering, supporting, and eventually automating commercial operations.

According to a Gartner report on Blockchain technology from last year, Blockchain technology will generate more than $ 176 billion in business value by 2025 and $ 3.1 trillion by 2030 worldwide.

Advantages of using Blockchain technology

It provides a more efficient and stable mechanism for tracking data in complex supply chains.

In this way, it increases efficiency and allows human errors to be reduced, as well as allows establishing responsibilities within the chain.

Blockchain technology allows to provide a safe custody of the Items as they move along the chain.

In addition, it significantly reduces the cost of products in transit due to lower documentation costs.

Singapore bets on a Blockchain-based economy

Blockchain Association Singapore, is an initiative that seeks to establish itself as the central nerve of the use of scalable technologies in the city-state and in the world, helping to build a new digital economy.

Dozens of companies already carry out Blockchain activities in Singapore, allowing the country to position itself as a global center in the implementation of this type of technologies.

With the push of the Blockchain Association Singapore, companies operating or entering Singapore will find it easier to take advantage of Blockchain and other scalable technologies to grow and transform their business.

Automatic permits reduce risks in import operations

One of the great protocols that must be complied with within the customs logistics processes in some countries are automatic permits which generate greater speed and minimize the risks within the process; to understand what it is we are going to define it in this article.

What are automatic permissions?

Basically, it is a process that allows customs authorities to obtain prior information on imports of certain goods so they perform a risk analysis of the operation that will be executed.

Importance of automatic permits

This type of permits works as part of the trade facilitation scheme in each country; the automatic notices and permits allow the customs authority to carry out better statistical control of import and export operations.

One of the countries that applies the use of automatic permits is Mexico, here are some of the requirements that apply to request this procedure.

• Merchandise description.

• Commercial brand (s) and models.

• Type of customs office of entry.

• Tariff code.

• Rate measurement unit.

• Commercial invoice number.

• Issue date of the commercial invoice.

• Marketing unit of measure according to the commercial invoice.

• Quantity (volume) to be imported according to the marketing unit of measure.

• Conversion factor.

• Marketing currency according to the commercial invoice.

• Total value of the commercial invoice in terms of the marketing currency.

• Value of the merchandise to be imported according to the commercial invoice in terms of the marketing currency.

• Exporting country to the national territory.

• Country of origin of the merchandise.

The purpose is to use this information as an instrument to prevent and combat recurrent harmful practices such as the incorrect classification of goods, undervaluation and triangulation of origin of the same which may affect the operation of strategic industries for national economic activity. 

What happens if I do not comply with this procedure?

It is important to consider that failing to apply for permits and notices can lead to delays in your shipments at the customs of the Tax Administration System of each country.

The requirements to manage this type of permits vary according to the type of product or merchandise to be imported, and it only applies to the definitive import regime, meaning, the entry of a product or merchandise from a foreign origin into the country for a definite time and it must be managed for each tariff code.