The central business district skyline is seen at dusk on Monday in Jakarta, Indonesia

Patimban port to start the first phase operation by November

Indonesia aims to complete the first phase of the Patimban port on the northern coast of Java island by November, a senior minister said on Tuesday.

The 43.2 trillion rupiahs ($2.92 billion) Patimban port in the town of Subang in West Java is among the government’s priority projects in order to relieve pressure on Jakarta’s congested Tanjung Priok port.

Coordinating Minister of Economic Affairs Airlangga Hartarto said the president had called for the port to be launched in November. It is set to host a first shipment of cars after the launch, Hartarto told a streamed news conference.

Over 80% of the work on building docks and land reclamation has been completed, while construction of breakwaters and sea walls had reached almost 56%, he said.

A consortium of Japanese and Indonesian companies is building the first phase and the project is partly funded by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).

The Patimban port will improve the country’s infrastructure

The president told a cabinet meeting broadcast live that the port would improve infrastructure near the Karawang and Purwakarta industrial parks, “therefore improving the competitiveness of our export products, especially in the automotive sector.”

West Java Governor Ridwan Kamil said the port could also support his plan to establish a new metropolitan city and create five million jobs in the next 15 years.

Patimban port is one of the government’s national strategic projects, funded by an official development assistance (ODA) loan from the Japanese government amounting to Rp 14.2 trillion (US$968.5 million) for the first development phase.

The port is expected to be Indonesia’s primary export port and to ease the burden on Tanjung Priok Port and traffic congestion in Jakarta from the transport of cargo. It is also projected to support the future Rebana Special Economic Zones (SEZ) in Cirebon, Patimban, and Kertajati in West Java, along with Kertajati International Airport.

In the first development phase, Patimban Port is planned to serve 3.75 million twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs) and accommodate 600,000 complete built-up (CBU) vehicles. Meanwhile, in the second phase, Patimban’s capacity will increase to 5.5 million TEUs and it is expected to reach its final capacity of 7.5 million TEUs in phase 3.

ports of singapore.

Ports of Singapore: What about them?

The ports of Singapore are all those specialized maritime coasts for the maritime treatment of vessels that require logistical management to leave any cargo in that territory, ranging from food to motor vehicles.

The creation of the ports of Singapore was not with the intention of expanding trade, but rather a necessity due to not having enough land to carry out agricultural activities or the consolidation of large companies.

For the Singapore government, seaports are considered for the purchase of all goods and services that cannot be processed within their limitations, as it in turn functions as a way to strengthen alliances with other states and market their services.

Main sea ports of Singapore

Singapore Container Port Terminal

It is located right on the Malaysian peninsula, in the northern part of the Riau Islands on its border with Indonesia. It is considered the smallest area among the towns in Singapore.

Within its facilities there are two terminals called: Jurong Port and PSA Corporation Limited, being the only active seaports in the country.

Both are capable of serving any type of vessel, including large container vessels with bulk cargo, general cargo, mountainous or ro – ro vessels.

Jurong Port

It is a terminal that works as an operator based in the country, its purpose is to mobilize and move all types of freight, either cargo or bulk.

Annually this port registers approximately 40 thousand requests for the unloading of goods and services on its lands.

On the land level, it has good connections to the Jalan Ahmad Ibrahim Road, one of the trunk roads leading to the main Jurong Highway, the popular Seraya Avenue and Sugnei Jurong.

Its infrastructure has 32 moorings in all the docks and coasts of the ports of Singapore, its resistance is 15 thousand tons in weight, so it can be able to move a large number of containers or TEUs.

Its beginnings were in 1965, as an initiative of the Singapore Economic Development Board(EDB) for the sustained increase in the growth of the port city.

PSA Corporation Limited

Its operations are hosted for the mobilization and movement of containers in the terminals of: Tanjong Pagar, Pasir Panjang, Keppel and Brani.

Its service capacity is good, as a result of its availability of 52 docks dedicated to TEUs, and its working hours is 365 days a year, 24 hours a day.

For merchants, this is one of the most advanced PSA port areas in Singapore. Its infrastructure is based on a 16-meter-deep mooring, including several cranes assembled on the coast capable of moving 22 rows of TEUs.

Its port instrumentation system has added values, therefore, it is more advanced with the adaptation of the latest versions of machinery for maritime exploitation with limits of up to six grippers.

For better organization, it has a car terminal in the case of boats with automotive materials and others for activities with containers.

Why should I choose any of the Singapore ports for my transactions?

The ports of Singapore have good machinery for grabbing and moving goods in less time, not to mention that their customs laws are quite flexible and friendly unlike other ports.

Another interesting point is that if the company plans to expand its products, maybe the ports of Singapore are a good option.

This country is characterized by higher levels of exports, that is, the purchase of products abroad because, being a small nation, they necessarily need to buy inputs abroad.

They can also serve as an intermediary when it comes to establishing alliances with world traders in Malaysia or Indonesia.

Because Singapore offers better deals in reducing costs for procedures, it is more attractive for companies to disembark in these ports and then transport to neighboring countries.

If you are interested in conforming a export or import company in Singapore, you might be interested in this article.

Challenges facing the port and maritime industry

The global economy is highly linked to the maritime industry, a high percentage of goods and articles of mass consumption depend on this activity.

This 2020 has passed with Covid-19 as a constant, the virus far from being a public health problem became the main cause of the global economic crisis that the governments of the world are currently facing.

At the beginning of its spread, little was said about its repercussions in the economic area, today it is necessary not only to take into account its impact, but also to generate policies to counteract its effects.

Maritime industry affected by the virus

Since the Chinese economy is highly integrated into the global economy, the epidemic has had a broader impact on international supply chains.

China is not only the world’s largest exporter, it is also home to seven of the ten busiest ports and a major container shipping line.

At the beginning of the outbreak, the crisis in China led to the closure of shipyards, the activity in ports such as Wuhan where the virus emerged, was also affected.

Lower maritime transit rates

In this context, the global maritime industry faces lower than expected transit rates.

The Capesize index, which reflects freight costs of bulk commodity carriers, fell negative for the first time since 1999, meaning that shipping companies are losing on some routes and others are being suspended.

Some of the challenges facing the port and maritime industry:

  • Accumulation of cargo: the value of the goods accumulated in transit in a port or warehouse may exceed the accumulation limit allowed by the insurance contract.
  • Delays: Arrival of the shipment at the insured destination beyond the expected date of arrival could have financial implications for all parties involved in the shipping process.
  • Diversion: in the case of unsafe ports, the ship expressly reserves the right to divert to another port that is not described in the bill of lading.
  • Interruptions in transit: Cargo insurance contracts are designed to cover goods while in transit at the right time.

What does the International Maritime Organization say?

At the beginning of the pandemic, the IMO spoke of the need to maintain trade by sea and protect the well-being of the people.

“In these difficult times the transportation services to deliver vital goods, including medical supplies and food, will be critical to responding and ultimately overcoming this pandemic.” Kitack Lim. IMO General Secretary

Then in a statement, they urged cross-border agencies and governments to maintain efforts to facilitate shipping and maritime trade in these difficult times.

IMO calls to provide guarantees to crews

Maritime transport depends on the 2 million seafarers who operate the world’s merchant ships, which carry more than 80% of world trade by volume.

Crew changes are essential for the continuity of navigation in a safe and sustainable manner.

The maritime industry transports the world’s food, energy and raw materials, as well as manufactured goods and components, and is vital to sustainable development and prosperity.

Maritime and Port Authority increases security levels

With the acquisition and commissioning of 6 new patrol units, the MAP increases the security of the Port.

The Port Authority of Singapore launched 6 new patrol units that will increase security levels of security.

The entity stated that its implementation seeks to improve its capabilities, increase the navigation safety and improve the marine environment protection in the port.

These new patrols are 17m long and are equipped with the Intelligent Maritime Port System that allows effective patrolling and a better response to emergencies.

“The patrol boats enhance our incident response capabilities and improve the operational effectiveness of our officers,” said Kevin Wong, MPA captain.

New patrols

The agency reported that the new units have the integration of data analysis with the surveillance, navigation and communication systems on board.

This improves the communication between the ship and the command centers as well as increases the knowledge the activities of the port inspectors.

They also highlighted that the patrols have new surveillance capabilities, such as multisensor marine thermal cameras, chemical gas detectors and drones.

Each unit also has a rescue boat equipped with a man overboard recovery system and small boat towing capabilities to support search and rescue operations.

The MAP is constantly exploring and adopting new technologies to meet operational needs and enhance the agency’s capabilities.