Wine glasses types and characteristics of every one

Wine glasses: types and characteristics of every one

Selecting between the different types of wine glasses the right one for you can be confusing and daunting; admittedly, there’s a lot of choices out there.

You’re able to choose tall and small, thin and wine glasses, large and small capacity glasses, the list goes is long.

Just how vital are the look of the wine glass vs the function and how tall or short the stem is. Does the glass affect the taste of the wine?

Keep reading to discover everything you need to know about the types of wine glasses and how to choose the right type of glass for you.

How does a Wine Glass function?

From a starting point, there are two different types of wine glasses, stemmed and stemless.

There are three parts to every stemmed wine glass:

  • Base – This is also referred to as the foot; this part is required to keep the wine glass standing and stable.
  • Stem – This is the functional part that the user holds (very important!); it keeps the base and the bowl together.
  • Bowl – This part is the most important; this holds the wine. We recommend filling the glass (red, white, rose, and all of the above) to the widest point of the bowl; this maximizes the wine’s contact with the air as you need space above the wine (to the top of the glass) to collect the aromas.

Different types of Red Wine Glasses

Red wine glasses are generally more oversized in height and more significant in bowl size than those for white wine; this allows the wine to come into contact with more oxygen.

Red wine tends to require ‘opening up’ more; therefore, the larger-size bowl allows the wine to breathe a lot more as the aroma and flavors are released.

Most glassware manufacturers offer grape and regional specific wine glasses designed especially for that particular style of wine. This is great if your preferred choice is a specific style or grape type, but not so good if you don’t have a particular kind of wine you generally opt for. In this instance, an ‘all-round’ or ‘universal’ wine glass would be ideal as these types of glass shapes work well for various styles of wine.

Bordeaux / Cabernet

This glass style is the tallest, and the bowl shape is designed for bold red wines, such as Bordeaux, Cabernet and Merlot. A broad base and medium/large stem hold a large bowl that tapers/closes at the opening.

The design allows a more significant amount of oxygen to contact the wine; ethanol evaporates. The wider opening makes the wine taste smoother and brings out the fruit flavors.

Syrah / Shiraz / Sangiovese

This glass style is shorter than the above with a smaller bowl, designed for medium to full-bodied red wines; harsh flavors and spice are softened because the wine is designed to hit your palette more gradually from the smaller opening. The narrower bowl tends to taper slightly more, which helps to trap the aroma.

Burgundy / Pinot Noir

The widest and shortest of the most commonly used red wine glasses is designed for Burgundy and Pinot Noir. A shorter stem and wide bowl helps collect the bolder aromas and directs the intense flavors to the correct part of your tongue. Because of this, a larger surface area is apparent that allows for a more significant amount of oxygen to contact the wine.

Different types of White Wine Glasses

White wine glasses are generally smaller in height and bowl size when compared with red ones; this allows the wine to be in closer contact with your nose as the aromas are much lighter.

Sauvignon Blanc / Riesling White

You generally find that Sauvignon Blanc and Riesling wines can be served in the same style and shape glass. The mid > long stem and the narrow bowl will taper in slightly. The smaller bowl makes it easier to detect the concentration of aromas in the wine whilst minimizing the amount of oxygen in the glass.

Chardonnay White

Glasses designed for Chardonnay are predominately the complete opposite to the above Sauvignon Blanc and Riesling. Chardonnay glasses have a large bowl, similar to that of the Burgundy / Pinot Noir but slightly smaller and feature a much shorter stem. This larger bowl allows for a big surface area to be created, ideal for full-bodied white wines such as oak-aged Chardonnay.

All-round / Universal Wine Glasses 

These are an excellent idea for someone looking to save space in their kitchen cupboards and don’t require all the varying shapes. For a user who likes a tipple of both red and white and different styles of both varieties, a universal all-round glass would be ideal.

Space wine the wine that spent a year on ISS

Space wine: the wine that spent a year on ISS

Twelve bottles of Petrus 2000 returned safely from their adventure in space, before being flown to Bordeaux for analysis.

Their voyage was part of a research project led by start-up Space Cargo Unlimited and also involving the University of Bordeaux’s wine institute, the ISVV.

The identity of the bottles has been a closely guarded secret, but Space Cargo Unlimited confirmed yesterday, that it chose Petrus 2000 for the mission.

An initial tasting hosted by the ISVV in March saw 12 tasters get 30ml samples of the space and earth wines.

‘The earth wine was exactly how you would expect it to taste,’ said Jane Anson.

She said that the wine sample was delicious but was perhaps two to three years more evolved.

‘There were more floral aromatics and the tannins were a bit softer and more evolved,’ she said, but added, ‘I just tasted one bottle from the space station, so I can’t guarantee there isn’t bottle variation.’

Professor Philippe Darriet, of the ISVV’s oenology research unit, said in a summary of the tasting:

‘Unanimously, the two wines were considered to be great wines, which means that despite the 14-month stay on the international space station, the “space wine” was very well evaluated sensorially.’

He said the panel identified some differences in smell and taste, as well as color, but that these varied according to each taster’s ‘sensitivity’.

Samples of the wines were due to undergo chemical analysis in addition to tastings, to allow researchers to explore variations.

Darriet said the team hoped to publish findings in an international scientific journal.

Space Cargo Unlimited was keen to highlight that it didn’t involve Château Petrus in its choice of which wine to send into orbit.

A bottle of Petrus 2000 had a global average retail price of $6,488.

Source: The Decanter

Wine bottles shapes and colors

Wine bottles: shapes and colors

The types of wine bottles that we can find in the market are very different depending on the criteria or characteristics we serve.

Thus, the bottles could be classified according to the capacity or size, shape, content, glass, color. Therefore, today we focus on the types of wine bottles based on shape and color, and on later entries, we will discuss other classifications.

Types of wine bottles according to their shape

The different forms that we can observe in wine bottles have an associated name to refer to them that comes from the place where it was first used. Therefore, the reference that we must take so that we do not forget the name is this: its origin. Based on this we can distinguish (in general) the following types of wine bottles:

  • Bordeaux: this type of wine bottle is the one that we can see most commonly. Measurements: height 27.9 cm. and diameter 7.66 cm. Origin of the name: Bordeaux
  • Burgundy: the oldest known bottle type. Measurements: Height 28.7 cm. and diameter 80.5 cm. Origin of the name: Burgundy, French region.
  • Rhin: This type is often used for white wines. Measurements: Height 35 cm. and diameter 7.6 cm. Origin of the name: It comes from the Rhine River (Germany).
  • Cava or Champagne: it has thick walls to be able to withstand the pressure caused by the bubbles. Measurements: height 30 cm., Diameter 8.84 cm. Origin of the name: Champagne-Ardenne (French city).
  • Jerezana: bottle used for Jerez wine and Portuguese liquors. Measurements: Height 28.6 cm. and diameter 7.5cm. Origin of the name: Jerez de la Frontera (Cádiz)
  • Franconia: it is the bottle with the most different shape compared to the rest since it is flattened and not cylindrical. Measurements: height 22 cm., Width 15 cm. Origin of the name: German wine region.

Does the shape of the bottle influence the wine?

The answer is no. The shape of the bottle itself is something totally aesthetic and corporate for each winery. Other aspects of the bottle may influence such as the color of the glass or the thickness of the glass in the bottle but the shape itself is a corporate thing. These aspects help to better preserve the wine and properly maintain the wine for the optimum moment of its consumption.

Color of wine bottles

The color used in the bottles has a protective function against the action of light, in order to better preserve the wine inside. The colors that we can find in the bottles can be black, blue, green (the most used), or transparent. Darker colors are usually used in wines that are going to spend a long time in the bottle (aging wines), while transparent bottles are usually used in rosé or white wines to appreciate their color.